Exercise 19: Viewpoint


“Make a small collection of objects around a theme – choose from:

  • Festival
  • The morning after
  • Summertime
  • Workshop

Using a digital camera move around your set of objects. Look at them from above and from underneath. Zoom in and out. Look for interesting combinations of shapes and textures, and document them using photographs. Be unusual with the positioning of the frame. Experiment with diagonals within the structure and deliberately position some elements close to the frame.”

For this exercise, I chose the theme “Workshop”

I began by collecting a few tools from my shed and started taking photos as per the brief:


“Do the same thing with drawing but work in a format that is different from your viewfinder, such as a square format, or long and thin, or an irregular rectangle. If it helps you can make a viewfinder using two ‘L’ shaped pieces of stiff card or paper in your chosen format. Repeat the exercise of exploring viewpoints but this time document your visual journey around the set in your sketchbook. Draw shapes to work with that are the same format as your viewfinder. You may find it helpful to draw around your viewfinder to create a set of thumbnail shapes.”

For the next part of the exercise I drew some of the objects at different viewpoints to try and find different and interesting angles:


“Using a pencil, draw this design on a larger scale. Either draw from the photographs that you took or from the still life directly. Draw your final design to a format and scale which is proportionate to your thumbnail. This line drawing should be descriptive and readable as a visual and not a final artwork in its own right.”

Chosen Image:

My final illustration:


In this exercise I learned how perspective can drastically change an object and how many different viewpoints there are to the same object. I enjoyed using my camera to investigate all of these different points of views to these objects. I also found challenging to get exact all of the details of the final illustration, but I am pleased with the end result.

Exercise 18: Giving instructions


Using the internet, magazines, reference books leaflets, brochures and flyers make a collection of examples and reference materials that can help you with an illustration to fit one of the categories below.

Making a cup of tea          Getting to my house          Playing a tune on an instrument

For the first part of the brief, I pulled together some images from the internet showing the different stages of getting to my house.

These are shown below:

I then proceeded to create some rough sketches to see which layout worked the best and how many images I would need to provide correct instructions for the task.
In the images below you will see that I created a timeline of 6 images.

Then I proceeded to finish all the illustrations, where I decided to add a pop of color to the main character to represent consistency and bring attention to the fact that it is the main character and the “story” revolves around her and her way home.

Consequently, I also made an option with some descriptive tittles:


This exercise made me choose a certain amount of necessary visuals to represent in the illustration. It made me only choose the necessary images to addd to the exercise. This is an important concept for me due to the fact that I usually have a hard time choosing content or ideas to develop.

Exercise 17:Abstract illustration


“Listen to a piece of instrumental music by a musician such as:

  • George Gershwin
  • The Gypsy Kings
  • Beethoven
  • Miles Davis

As you listen to the music create marks which convey your interpretation of the essence or mood of the piece. Work quickly and intuitively to bring a degree of self-expression to the exercise. Be selective in your use of materials, colours, marks and textures.”

My chosen musician was “Charlie Burg” and the song I listened to was “Lancaster nights”.  Below is a video of the process of the illustration I created whilst listening to the song:

This was a really interesting yet challenging experience due to the fact that I only had 3 minutes to creat the illustration, therefore I had no time to plan the illustration, I had to go with the flow. Here is an image of the final illustration:


“Stand back from your worksheet and choose an adjective or word that you feel describes the tone of the piece. This is your interpretation and not a definition of it. Go through your drawings and choose a square area that you feel communicates the meaning of your chosen word and has visually interesting qualities.”

Below is the cropped part of the image which I chose the word “passion” to represent:

The yellow line looked like the profile of a woman so I started to develop that idea:

Final illustration

This illustration represents a woman smoking and the smoke of her cigarette becomes the night (as clouds and stars). I also wrote the tittle of the song to see how it would look as the song cover.


This exercise was really challenging, I am pleased with the end results but if I could start it again I would create a different image for the first brief. But on the other hand, I really enjoyed painting while listening to a song and representing what it makes me feel. I will definitely do this exercise on my free time again.

Exercise 16: Image development


“Cut two ‘L’ shapes of card or stiff paper. You are going to use them to explore formats, to zoom in and out of compositions. Take an image which has a range of content – a family photo, and interior from a magazine or another artist’s work – and enlarge it to A4 and make ten copies. Scenes with action with a background and foreground can be most useful for this kind of exercise. Use the ‘L’s to create edited versions of each image. Retain the content but try presenting it in different ways in different formats. Repeat this using all of your photocopies. Do some images seem to have more drama because of the way you have cropped them? Has the focus changed – have you made the original subject of the image seem more or less important?”

This is the image I choose, of a family vacation.


“Using one of the images as a basis for an illustration, draw up your artwork to make a poster. Add colours and textures to emphasise your message. Use the word you selected as the title and reproduce it in a typeface you feel suggests or reflects the meaning of the word itself. Position the text alongside the image.”

I choose this image
The final illustration
Final illustration


I quite liked the final result, I thought it could be used as a poster in schools or educational buildings to motivate students to read more! I am pleased with the dark background, I am happy that I changed it. I overall really enjoyed this exercise.

Exercise 15: Reading an image


“Look carefully at this image.

Mark Oliver

Then in your learning log list the content of the picture – breaking the image into its constituent parts and answer the following questions:”

  • What the image is about. What is it saying?

Personally, I think that this image represents a common conception that your actions always have consequences (also known as ”karma”). Because as you can see, there is a throne, but if the children decide to sit on it (even though it isn’t theirs) they will awaken the big dragon by sitting on its tail. Therefore, its a metaphor that represents how you need to be accountable for your own actions and be careful and accept the consequences.

But at the same time, it also represents how you always have an option and that you can always choose to do the right thing. Because as we can see, the girl is pointing to the dragon and its throne but the boy is pointing to the exit.

  • Work out the narrative and identify the story.

This image reminds me a little to the famous tale of “Hansel and Gretel”, I imagine these two kids to be siblings that just moved to a new village because their parents found better jobs there. And the first day of school, they decide they will take the path that goes through the forest, but they take the wrong turn without knowing it and they end up lost in the middle of the forest. It’s getting late and dark quickly but when they suddenly hear a voice that says “Kids are you lost? Do you need help?”. They quickly turn around and see an old and creepy lady that is dressed in long dark clothes and a pointed hat That lets them know she is a witch. They tell her everything and she says that she can help them get back home safely if the do something in return, the kids agree without hesitation. She asks them to go inside a cave an bring her a throne that belongs to a creature that lives inside this cave. The kids are scared to go inside, but even more scared of never getting back home so they decide to head into the cave and get the jewels. Once they are inside they see the huge dragon and all the jewels, the brother suggests that they leave immediately but her sister says that she isn’t scared and that she will get the jewels. As she approaches the big scary dragon she realizes that up close the creature is not that scary, and she suddenly has an idea. She gets real close to the dragon, and whispers in a soft and calm voice “Hello there, I am Sky and this is my brother Luke, we are lost and don’t know how to get home… Can you help us?”. The dragon quickly starts moving and the entire cave creates an echo for each one of its moves. They are both so scared but suddenly the dragon kneels down and smiles. Then, they know that they are safe and they decide to tell the creature everything about the witch. The dragon tells them that she has been trying to steal her jewels for years because they have magic powers that keep the village safe from the witches evil powers. Afterwards, the dragon tells them to hop on top of its back and as they all come out of the cave the witch gets so terrified of the big dragon that starts flying away, but the dragon follows her and makes sure she will never come back. Then, while they are on top of the dragon flying through the little village, they see their parents sitting on the porch of their brand new little house talking to the police while tears are rolling down their faces. Then they yell “There! That’s our house!!”, then the dragon starts to approach it and lands softly. “Hi mom hi dad!” Yell the siblings, as their parents run quickly towards them and start hugging and kissing them. “We were so scared…” then they look up to the dragon and say “We can not thank you enough… you saved our children’s life’s!”. “Your happiness is a reward enough for me, I’ll see you soon” and flies away into the moonlight.

  • Describe the palette and tonal range which has been used. Note if the colours are hot or cold, whether the elements are detailed or textural, and where these approaches are used.

The colors in this image are cold (blues) and warm (reds), it is a very colorful and busy image. Due to the fact that it has many details and a large variety of colors. Therefore, the amount of colors goes accordingly with the amount of detail.

  • Is there any connection between hot colour and the importance of the element in telling the story?

I believe that there is a connection between the hot colors and their importance, because the largest warm color (red) issued to make the main character (the dragon) stand out more.


Begin to identify the hierarchy within the image. Which are the most important elements in terms of carrying the narrative or conveying the ideas and how have these been treated?

As I previously said, I believe that the main character is the dragon, due to its size and bright color. Then, the hierarchy is continued by the throne and its jewels, then by the fire and its big and bright reflection on the wall, which leads to the two kids, and finally there is the cold tone background and swords.


I liked this exercise, because even though I didn’t create an illustration i got to create a story which I also really enjoy. I actually had to shorten the story I originally created because I get lost in details and ideas that keep coming to my head. I also enjoyed breaking down the image and its composition.

Exercise 14: Illustrating visual space


“Using internet searches or your own visual references select an image of each of these

  • A tree
  • A child running or walking
  • A building

Photocopy them in black and white at different scales and sizes so that you have several versions of each image. Cut them into individual items with which to work. Working with a square format, arrange some of the cut-outs to create a representational image. You may use the distortion of the scale of one element compared to another to create an image which is interesting visually. It is not important that the image is ‘real’ as a photograph would be. Move the fragments so they are not always vertical or horizontal to the frame.”

These are the images I choose for my collage:

Then I started the process of blending them all together in a composition I enjoyed:

Final image

Brief #2

Scan and print or photocopy these designs or do a quick trace of each design so that you can compare the visual impact of one with another. Then in your learning log make notes in answer to these questions:

  • How does your sense of the image and it’s meaning change when the figure is smaller than the other elements?

In this collage the sizing of the elements was a key step to creating the visual I wanted. Due to the fact that I transformed a normal house in to a tree house (much smaller and higher). Without these changes it would not be credible.

  • If the elements are at differing angles to each other and at an angle to the frame, what dynamic is suggested?

The positioning of the elements is another crucial step to making it blend together. For example, I had to slightly change the shape por the house to make the angles work, and I also had to delete some of its parts to create the illusion that it was behind the tree

  • If all the elements are completely horizontal and vertical in relation to the frame what dynamic is suggested? What is your opinion about this image and what sensation does it communicate?

It creates a clear perspective, giving the image more credibility. In this case, the fact that the child, house, and tree are in proportions to each other helps the viewer perceive the image in a more trusting way.

  • Which is your favourite composition? Explain why you feel it is most successful.

I really enjoyed how by adjusting the positioning, sizing, and some angles of the house it completely changes into a tree house. I feel like it is quite accurate and I am pleased with the final image. I also like that the lower horizontal line (where the floor meets the tree branches) gives more perspective to the image.


I relay enjoyed this exercise, it made me come out of my comfort zone. I rarely use photoshop or make collages using several images found online. But I am pleased with the final result.

Assignment 2: Point of sale display


“To create images which will be used within a campaign for a supermarket, to package and promote a range of seasonal foods. Create an illustration of fruit or vegetables. One illustration for each of the ranges: 

  • Summer
  • Autumn

Your images should be objective and based upon direct observation. For each range you may choose an individual piece, dissected or partly sliced sections, or create a group of several pieces.”

I started by experimenting different mediums and I decided to create the illustration using water color and pens because I wanted to create a messy colourful mess defined by the sharp black lines. Because I felt that this could represent fruits and veggies best, due to the fact that food doesn’t look perfect or never looks the same.

First sketches for summer:

#1: First pencil sketch
#2: Added the water colors to get an idea (I didn’t like the colours of the kiwi because I thought they weren’t bright enough, so not enough “summery”)
#3: Created the final sketch
#4: Started adding the water colors
#5: Finishing the water colors
#5: Using a black pen to give some definition to the illustration.
Final illustration

First sketches for autumn:

#1: First pencil sketch
#2: Added the water colors
#3: Created the final pencil sketch
#4: Adding the water colors
Final illustration


I enjoyed creating these two illustrations. I hadn’t thought about how a difference of foods can change the perception and vibe of an entire painting. But using two different palettes of colors really helped enhance this difference.

Exercise 13: Using metaphors


Collect as many examples of visual metaphor as you can find. Often metaphors are used within political and issue-based works to give complex or subtle ideas greater clarity. For this reason you are likely to trace them more easily within editorial contexts: newspapers and articles in magazines.

These are some of the visual metaphors that caught my eye.

Next I was asked to select and create a visual metaphor from a list of words.

  • Reaching retirement
  • Dreams of romance
  • Broken relationship
  • Censorship of the press
  • High achievement
  • Economic catastrophe

I decided to chose “Broken Relationship”, then I started sketching some ideas. I wasn’t sure how to approach this exercise. So I started drawing rough sketches of the concepts that came to my mind when I thought about a “broken relationship”, until I liked one of them:

I liked this idea because it represents how we do not see or know everything that is going on in other peoples life and relationships. And now a days, the majority of us, we put our lives on the internet using social media. But, consciously or not, we are creating a version of what we would like our lives to be like, including our relationships. Therefore, I created an illustration that represented the people standing (what we show the world) and their shadows (what I really going on).

After staring at this drawing I came to the conclusion that, at the same time, this illustration could represent domestic violence. And how it is something that occurs behind doors, that most likely no one knows a bout. What people see is the couple standing together holding hands and not the abusive behaviour that is represented in the shadows.

Then I started creating the final illustration:

#4 – I started adding the shadows, and I wanted them to be the main focus of the illustration so I moved the couple to a corner and added the shadows in the center.
#7 – Defining the shadows so there is a more detailed understanding of their actions/expressions
#8 – I decided to add a red background to represent and enhance the abusive behaviour that the woman is suffering, I choose this color because it is connected to intensity and pain.
#9 – I decided to add a yellow reflection to the figures and shadows.
#10 – I didn’t like the yellow light in the corner so I added a lamp (that represents the light that creates the shadows, I imagined it as the “true light”)
#11 – I added some actual light to the “true light”
#12 – I decided to add some yellow contrast to the shadows to help the eye focus on them as the main object of the illustration
#13 – I blurted the red background and the yellow figures together
FINAL VISUAL METAPHOR for “Broken relationship”


I really enjoyed this exercise, even tough at the beginning I was a little bit confused, once I started developing the sketch I couldn’t stop. In the process of developing many ideas came to my head about how it could be represented and views by different people.

Exercise 12: Choosing content

Brief #1: For the first part of this exercise, I had to read an extract from the Daffodil affair and answer a q&a.

Below are the questions and my answers:

• If this were to be made into a film what would the main character be like?

I believe that the main character would be the man that this extract describes: a man who is no longer a human being but a walking figure dominated by anger. Therefore, I imagine him never being able to laugh, as hilarious as something would be, he would never crack a laugh or smile. Because he would perceive everything through the eyes of anger. Due to this fact, he was destined to be a lonely man, not because he consciously chose it this way, but because he was incapable of letting someone deeply care for him and create a stable connection. The most consistent interaction he had in his life was with his secretary and the waiter that pored him coffee every day at the coffee shop on his way to work.
In summary, the main character would be a lonely, serious, but always polite male whose main trait was the hanger that consumed him.

• What clothes would the character be wearing?

His clothes would always be a dark suit (usually black) in concordance to his personality, and they would always be perfectly ironed. At the same time, he would always wear a dark hat that created a shadow that covered half of his expressionless face. None the less he carried his briefcase everywhere he went.

• What furniture is in the main area in which the action takes place?

As the extract describes it, I imagine the place as a simple yet cold environment. At the exact center of the large windows, he placed a table that was the perfect place between the door and the glass that overlooked the city. It also had a nice chair yet not the most comfortable he could find, because he considered that the workplace was no space to relax and feel at home, it was a place to work. Finally, there was a tiny lamp on top of his desk that he would rarely turn on. There was no decoration or visually pleasing elements, just a simple, clean, and professional environment.

Brief #2: Next, I was asked to gather some reference images from the time that the book is set.  I made a mood board of uniforms, surroundings and interiors taken from the extract:

Brief #3: Then I was asked to create a visual board using colores and textures that represented a word of my choice: “lifeless”. I choose this word because personally, I define living life by enjoying and perceiving its beauty, its charisma, spending time with our loved ones, experiencing new things, being curious, laughing, crying, dancing, … Which are all actions that I don’t think our main character would do.

This is my mood board:

Brief #4: Then I had to create a simple portrait of the main character using the references I gathered. And I decided to make it through a collage of the pictures that I choose for the previous brief.


#1: I used this picture as my base
#2: I started by removing everything except the shiluete I needed, and I decided to work with the male figure that was in the background.
#3: Then I choose this image for the view outside of the window, it is a photograph of London during WW II.
#4: I started placing it and creating a window
#5: Then I added the male figure.
#6: Then I finished the window
#7: Then I changed the shadow in the hat andI added some shadows so that everything blended together, since the light source was coming from his right side (though the window).
#8: Creating more contrast with the dark shadows.
#9: Adding some light reflection to the figure to further intensify the contrast.
Final illustration
This is what the illustration would look as a book cover.


I am impressed of how much you can deeply use a reference text to create an idea and then use it to create a portrait. I really enjoyed this process and I am pleased with the final illustration I created. I truly enjoyed writing about the main character because I love imagining a literary story and developing the personality of its characters.

Exercise 11: Using black and white


Produce a line visual around one of these words:

  • Sea
  • Extraordinary
  • Building
  • Journey

“Through brainstorming, you may decide to draw from an object or selection of objects or work in a more narrative way around a scene or idea. Ensure that the line visual you produce through visual exploration and development is very clear, employing a line which is solid and definite – fine-liners over a pencil visual should give a clean edge“.

For this exercise I chose the word “journey”. When I was brainstorming to come up with an idea for this illustration I thought of what this word means to me. And I remember of a quote I love that says that the most important part of a journey is not only the destination but also the actual journey to get there. Therefore, I decided to capture this idea by illustrating a road trip to represent the beauty of the actual journey.

First sketches:

First sketch: frontal view from a car.
Second sketch: outsiders perspective of a car on the road.
#1: I decided to choose the second sketch and start developing it.
#7: I decided to change the background from a day light with mountains and river to a night version with clouds and a moon.
#8: I was happier with this version because there was more light and dark contrast between the clouds, the sky and the moon. And it allowed to bring more focus to the foreground.
Colored version
Final illustration: I decided to add some final elements like the light from the car and some stars for a more real and detailed sky.


I really liked this exercise because it made me work with really clean lines, which I usually don’t do. Which also made me spend more time on this exercise than I anticipated.
Furthermore, I was surprised by liking more the black and white version of my illustration due to the fact that I always choose to create art with color instead of a monochromatic scale of black and white.